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Prediction of physical separation of metals from soils contaminated with municipal solid waste ashes and metallurgical residues.

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Mouedhen, Ikbel; Coudert, Lucie; Blais, Jean-François; Mercier, Guy (2019). Prediction of physical separation of metals from soils contaminated with municipal solid waste ashes and metallurgical residues. Waste Management , vol. 93 . p. 138-152. DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2019.05.031.

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Résumé

Environmental legislation is forcing industrialized countries to rehabilitate contaminated lands. Expensive solutions are available to treat soils contaminated by metals (e.g., solidification, stabilization, and landfilling). Physical remediation techniques, which are less expensive, are able to efficiently separate metals from contaminated soils under specific physical conditions. In the current study, densimetric and mineralogical characterization of fractions of soil between 0.25 and 4 mm contaminated by municipal solid waste (MSW) ashes and metallurgical waste was performed. This characterization confirmed the usefulness of the jig and wet shaking table for separating the metal contaminants from the soil. Mineralogical characterization allowed the prediction of treatment efficiencies and potential limits. The jig performance was optimized based on densimetric characterization. Water washing coupled with ferrous material extraction using magnetic separation, and, attrition scrubbing coupled with the jig and wet shaking table, led to a removal yield varying from 42.1% to 83.4% for Ba, Cu, Pb, Sn, and Zn from the fraction of soil >0.25 mm contaminated by MSW ashes. The recovered treated mass varied from 57.1% to 73.4% (by weight). For the fraction of soil >0.25 mm contaminated with metallurgical residues, Cu and Zn removal yields were higher than 57.5%. The recovered treated mass from this soil fraction corresponded to 64.8% (by weight). Depending on the level and leachability of contaminants, the soil fractions <0.25 mm were recommended for appropriate treatments (solidification or stabilization) or for safe disposal via landfills.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: metal contamination; characterization; prediction; jig; shaking table; magnetism
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 29 nov. 2019 14:19
Dernière modification: 29 nov. 2019 14:19
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9569

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