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Assessment of climate change impacts at the catchment scale with a detailed hydrological model of surface-subsurface interactions and comparison with a land surface model.

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Sulis, Mauro; Paniconi, Claudio; Rivard, Christine; Harvey, Richard; Chaumont, Diane (2011). Assessment of climate change impacts at the catchment scale with a detailed hydrological model of surface-subsurface interactions and comparison with a land surface model. Water Resources Research , vol. 47 , nº 1. W01513. DOI: 10.1029/2010WR009167.

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Résumé

A process‐based model that incorporates hydrodynamic feedbacks between the land surface, soil, and groundwater zones is used to assess the sensitivity of the hydrological response (river discharge, aquifer recharge, and soil water storage) to future climate conditions. The analysis is based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report on Emissions Scenario A2 and the des Anglais catchment in southwestern Quebec (Canada). Application of the coupled hydrological model (CATHY) to the study basin revealed significant spatiotemporal variations in the river discharge response to climate change owing to a different partitioning between the overland runoff and base flow components of the hydrograph, with the latter alleviating the marked decrease in discharge during the summer period. A spatial analysis of recharge patterns shows that the greatest variations are expected to occur, throughout the year, in the southern portion of the catchment, where the elevations are highest. Compared to river discharge and aquifer recharge, the soil water storage volumes are less sensitive to climate changes. From a spatial analysis of soil moisture variations it was possible to observe organizational patterns that follow the topographic and pedologic characteristics of the catchment. In addition to these analyses, we also compare predictions obtained with the land surface scheme (CLASS) that is coupled to the regional climate model (CRCM) to those from the detailed catchment model for past and future climate change projections. An examination of the runoff revealed that CLASS produces higher estimates than CATHY of surface and subsurface runoff throughout the annual cycle for both past and future projections. For soil water storage, the two models are in general agreement in terms of the intra‐annual variability of moisture content at shallower soil layers, whereas a larger difference is found for the deepest layer, with CATHY predicting wetter soil conditions over the entire simulation period and moisture fluctuations of much smaller amplitude.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: surface‐subsurface hydrology; catchment hydrology; coupled model; climate change; land‐atmosphere interactions; land surface models
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 29 nov. 2019 14:34
Dernière modification: 29 nov. 2019 14:34
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9511

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