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Regional low-flow frequency analysis using single and ensemble artificial neural networks.

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Ouarda, Taha B. M. J.; Shu, Chang (2009). Regional low-flow frequency analysis using single and ensemble artificial neural networks. Water Resources Research , vol. 45 , nº 11. W11428. DOI: 10.1029/2008WR007196.

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Résumé

In this paper, artificial neural networks (ANNs) are introduced to obtain improved regional low‐flow estimates at ungauged sites. A multilayer perceptron (MLP) network is used to identify the functional relationship between low‐flow quantiles and the physiographic variables. Each ANN is trained using the Levenberg‐Marquardt algorithm. To improve the generalization ability of a single ANN, several ANNs trained for the same task are used as an ensemble. The bootstrap aggregation (or bagging) approach is used to generate individual networks in the ensemble. The stacked generalization (or stacking) technique is adopted to combine the member networks of an ANN ensemble. The proposed approaches are applied to selected catchments in the province of Quebec, Canada, to obtain estimates for several representative low‐flow quantiles of summer and winter seasons. The jackknife validation procedure is used to evaluate the performance of the proposed models. The ANN‐based approaches are compared with the traditional parametric regression models. The results indicate that both the single and ensemble ANN models provide superior estimates than the traditional regression models. The ANN ensemble approaches provide better generalization ability than the single ANN models.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: artificial neural network; regionalization; neural network ensemble; low‐flow frequency analysis; ungauged site; bagging
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 28 nov. 2019 19:10
Dernière modification: 28 nov. 2019 19:10
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9505

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