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Regional estimation of parameters of a rainfall-runoff model at ungauged watersheds using the “spatial” structures of the parameters within a canonical physiographic-climatic space.

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Hundecha, Yeshewatesfa; Ouarda, Taha B. M. J.; Bárdossy, András (2008). Regional estimation of parameters of a rainfall-runoff model at ungauged watersheds using the “spatial” structures of the parameters within a canonical physiographic-climatic space. Water Resources Research , vol. 44 , nº 1. W01427. DOI: 10.1029/2006WR005439.

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Résumé

A regionalization scheme by which parameters of a continuous rainfall‐runoff model are estimated from physiographic and climatic watershed descriptors is presented. The approach makes use of the spatial structures displayed by the parameters within a physiographic‐climatic space defined on the basis of a canonical correlation analysis between model parameters and watershed descriptors. Traditionally, regionalization has been performed using a two‐step procedure of first estimating the model parameters in a set of subwatersheds independently and then establishing a relationship between the parameters thus estimated and a set of watershed descriptors. The approach presented in this paper follows a procedure by which the two steps are combined into one. The model is calibrated for the training subwatersheds with a dual objective of maximizing the model performance and achieving well‐defined spatial structures of the parameters within the physiographic‐climatic space. The model parameters in the subwatersheds that are not used for training are estimated from the optimum parameters obtained in the training set of subwatersheds using ordinary kriging within the physiographic‐climatic space. The performance of the model in these subwatersheds is comparable to the performance in the training set obtained using the optimum parameters estimated through model calibration. The results also indicate the possibility of extrapolation of the model parameters under a situation where some of the watershed descriptors lie slightly outside the range within which the training was done.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: regionalization; rainfall‐runoff modeling; canonical correlation; kriging; HBV model
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 28 nov. 2019 19:42
Dernière modification: 28 nov. 2019 19:42
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9494

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