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Immigration, Attraction or Local Production? Some Determinants of Local Human Capital Change in Canada

Chenard, Philippe; Shearmur, Richard (2012). Immigration, Attraction or Local Production? Some Determinants of Local Human Capital Change in Canada Canadian Journal of Urban Research/Revue canadienne de recherche urbaine , vol. 21 , nº 1. p. 79-108.

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Résumé

It has become almost a truism to claim that local development is strongly dependent on a region’s endowment in human capital (HC). Endogenous growth theory, elaborated principally at the national scale, has provided the theoretical framework for this idea, and recent work by Richard Florida has popularised the notion, in particular the idea that regions should attempt to attract mobile talent. In this paper we explore certain regional determinants of local HC growth (as measured by the number of degree holders), distinguishing between international immigration, internal migration and endogenous increases. We show that each type of HC growth responds to di" erent geographic and local determinants and that there exist some basic geo-structural determinants of HC # ows that are not related to a locality’s particular amenities. Finally, a reverse analysis of amenity variables as basic determinants of internal migration shows a possible shi$ in attractiveness from mostly regional factors (certain parts of Canada are more attractive than others) to structural ones of size and centrality

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: capital humain; migration internationale; migration interne; augmentation endogène; développement régional; aménités
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 11 déc. 2019 22:11
Dernière modification: 11 déc. 2019 22:11
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9332

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