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Where does all the talent flow? Migration of young graduates and nongraduates, Canada 1996–2001

Delisle, Françoise; Shearmur, Richard (2010). Where does all the talent flow? Migration of young graduates and nongraduates, Canada 1996–2001 Canadian Geographer / Le Géographe canadien , vol. 54 , nº 3. p. 305-323. DOI: 10.1111/j.1541-0064.2009.00276.x.

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Résumé

It has recently been suggested that cities and regions should focus upon attracting talented individuals as a means to develop. Such a suggestion implies two things: first that it is possible to meaningfully alter migration flows by way of local policy, and second that these flows have an effect on local growth (and not the reverse as has generally been admitted). In this paper, we begin to investigate the empirical foundations of such assertions by examining some structural determinants of graduate migration flows by comparing them, in a gravity model context, to flows of nongraduates. Our contention is that, if migration flows are structured by such factors, then policies aimed at modifying flows—and any research purporting to give such policy advice—must first take them into account. We show that migration flows are strongly dependent on basic gravity variables such as size and distance, but that these and other variables (such as income differences, presence of graduates and border effects) do not affect all flows equally. Furthermore, we show that certain factors that are assumed to be local (such as wage levels) in fact only operate at a provincial level. Thus policies implemented locally may have little or no effect if they are manipulating factors that operate at a different scale.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: migration interne; diplômés; modèle de gravité; politiques de développement local
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 11 déc. 2019 22:11
Dernière modification: 11 déc. 2019 22:11
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9331

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