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Comparison of Acoustic to Optical Backscatter Continuous Measurements of Suspended Sediment Concentrations and Their Characterization in an Agriculturally Impacted River.

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Sirabahenda, Zacharie; St-Hilaire, André; Courtenay, Simon Charles; Van Den Heuvel, Michael R. (2019). Comparison of Acoustic to Optical Backscatter Continuous Measurements of Suspended Sediment Concentrations and Their Characterization in an Agriculturally Impacted River. Water , vol. 11 , nº 5. p. 981. DOI: 10.3390/w11050981.

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Résumé

The increased soil loss in an agricultural watershed raises challengers for river water quality and a reliable automated monitoring for suspended sediment concentrations (SSC) is crucial to evaluate sediment budgets variation in systems. The aims of this study were (1) to test if an acoustic doppler current profiler (ADCP) would give similar results to turbidity probe measurements as a high frequency monitoring tool for suspended sediment; and (2) to analyze the relationship between sediment drivers and SSC in a typical agricultural drainage basin. The acoustic and optical backscatter sensors were used to collect SSC data during the ice-free seasons of four consecutive years in the Dunk River (PEI, Canada). The slopes of the relationships between the two SSC indirect measurements were not significantly different than 1. Correlations between SSC and hydro-meteorological variables showed that the high SSC values were more associated with the streamflow and water velocity than precipitation. This study highlighted the great potential of ADCP for the continuous monitoring of suspended sediment in an agricultural watershed. For summer periods the prevalence of clockwise hysteresis (74.1% of measured rainstorm events with SSC > 25 mg L⁻¹) appeared related to rainstorm behaviors.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: turbidity; ADCP; sediment dynamic; agricultural watershed
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 29 nov. 2019 13:49
Dernière modification: 29 nov. 2019 13:49
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/8491

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