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A novel algorithm of cloud detection for water quality studies using 250 m downscaled MODIS imagery.

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Ratté-Fortin, Claudie; Chokmani, Karem; El-Alem, Anas (2018). A novel algorithm of cloud detection for water quality studies using 250 m downscaled MODIS imagery. International Journal of Remote Sensing , vol. 39 , nº 19. p. 6429-6439. DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2018.1460506.

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Résumé

This study is part of a project aimed at developing an automated algorithm for algal bloom detection and quantification in inland water bodies using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) imagery. An important step is to adequately detect and exclude clouds and haze because their presence affects chlorophyll-a (chl-a) estimations. Currently available cloud masking products appear to be ineffective in turbid coastal waters. The purpose of this study is to develop a cloud masking algorithm based on a probabilistic algorithm (Linear Discriminant Analysis) and designed for water bodies by using MODIS images downscaled at a 250 m spatial resolution (MODIS-D-250). Confusion matrix shows that the new cloud mask algorithm yields very satisfactory results, enabling water classification for heavy turbid conditions with a mean kappa coefficient (κ) of 0.993 and a 95% confidence interval ranging from 0.990 to 0.997. The model also shows a very low commission error (sensitive to the presence of haze), which is essential for accurate water quality monitoring, knowing that the presence of clouds/haze/aerosols leads to major issues in the estimation of water quality parameters. The cloud mask model applied on MODIS-D-250 images improves the sensitivity to haze and the classification of turbid waters located at the edge of urban areas better than the operational MODIS products, and it clearly shows an improvement of the spatial resolution (250 m spatial resolution) compared to other cloud mask algorithms (500 m or 1 km spatial resolution), leading to an increase in exploitable data for water quality studies.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Discriminant analysis; image enhancement; image resolution; image retrieval; radiometers; satellite imagery; water quality
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 13 déc. 2018 16:29
Dernière modification: 06 avr. 2019 04:00
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7804

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