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Waste Concrete Valorization; Aggregates and Mineral Carbonation Feedstock Production.

Pasquier, Louis-César; Kemache, Nassima; Mocellin, Julien; Blais, Jean-François; Mercier, Guy (2018). Waste Concrete Valorization; Aggregates and Mineral Carbonation Feedstock Production. Geosciences , vol. 8 , nº 9. p. 342. DOI: 10.3390/geosciences8090342.

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Résumé

Concrete is a major constituent of our world. Its contributes to building society but is also an important contributor to the global CO₂ emissions. The combination of waste concrete recycling and greenhouse gas abatement is obviously an interesting approach. Mineral carbonation is the methodology that allows the use of calcium oxide within the concrete and transform it into carbonates with the CO₂. Following previous results, carbonation experiments were performed using concrete paste extracted from a waste concrete sample after aggregate separation. The latter was performed after crushing and attrition followed by sieving to obtain three fractions. The coarser one composed of aggregates, the second of sand and the last, a fine powder of waste concrete paste (MCF). The MCF is then used in carbonation experiments in an 18.7 L stirred reactor with a diluted source of CO₂ following previously optimized conditions. Different S/L ratios were experimented. The results show that 110 kg of CO₂ can be stored per ton of MCF obtained after separation. Using the mass balance obtained from the experiments, an economic evaluation was performed on both aggregate separation and carbonation. While the first step can be profitable, using the MCF as a material for industrial flue gas abatement is less evident, both on the applicability and the feasibility.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: waste concrete; aggregates recycling; aqueous mineral carbonation; technico-economic evaluation
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 28 nov. 2018 16:18
Dernière modification: 28 nov. 2018 16:18
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7743

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