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Cytosolic Distribution of Metals (Cd, Cu) and Metalloids (As, Se) in Livers and Gonads of Field-Collected Fish Exposed to an Environmental Contamination Gradient: An SEC-ICP-MS Analysis.

Urien, Nastassia; Jacob, Sabrina; Couture, Patrice; Campbell, Peter G. C. (2018). Cytosolic Distribution of Metals (Cd, Cu) and Metalloids (As, Se) in Livers and Gonads of Field-Collected Fish Exposed to an Environmental Contamination Gradient: An SEC-ICP-MS Analysis. Environments , vol. 5 , nº 9. p. 102. DOI: 10.3390/environments5090102.

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Résumé

The distribution of As, Cd, Cu and Se among biomolecules of different molecular weight (MW) in the heat-treated cytosolic fraction of livers and gonads of white suckers (WS; Catostomus commersonii) collected in a reference lake and in a lake subject to multi-metal contamination was investigated. Distribution profiles were obtained by separation of the heat-stable protein and peptide (HSP) fractions using size-exclusion high performance-liquid chromatography, coupled online to an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer, to quantify the associated metals. Metal-handling strategies did not vary between the reference and exposed fish, with the exception of As. Cadmium and Cu appeared associated with the heat-stable peptides metallothioneins (MTs), indicating their reasonable detoxification and regulation in WS. In contrast, Se and As were not bound to MTs, but rather, to biomolecules of lower MW (<2 kDa). Arsenic was found associated with the same biomolecules in fish from both lakes, but their proportions changed between reference and exposed fish. For future work, the identification of the Se and As binding biomolecules would be of great interest to determine if these metalloids are detoxified or if, conversely, the biomolecules are metal-sensitive and their binding to Se or As represents a threat for the health of these fish.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: subcellular distribution; metal trafficking; metal detoxification; metal regulation; wild fish; contamination gradient; cytosolic biomolecules; size-exclusion high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC); metallothionein; metallomics
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 28 nov. 2018 16:17
Dernière modification: 28 nov. 2018 16:17
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7742

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