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Selection of rainfall information as input data for the design of combined sewer overflow solutions.

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Jean, Marie-Ève; Duchesne, Sophie; Pelletier, Geneviève; Pleau, Martin (2018). Selection of rainfall information as input data for the design of combined sewer overflow solutions. Journal of Hydrology , vol. 565 . p. 559-569. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2018.08.064.

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Résumé

Combined sewer overflows (CSOs) cause environmental problems and health risks, but poor guidance exists on the use of rainfall data for sizing optimal CSO control solutions. This study first reviews available types of rainfall information as input for CSO modelling and, secondly, assesses the impacts of three rainfall data selection methods (continuous simulation, historical rainstorms selected based on rainfall depth or maximum intensity and IDF-derived storms) on the estimation of CSO volume thresholds to control in order to reach specific seasonal CSO frequency targets. The methodology involves hydrological/hydraulic modelling of an urban catchment in the Province of Québec (Canada). Continuous simulation provides the most accurate volume estimations and shows high sensitivity to the number of simulated years. Alternatively, when historical events extracted from rainfall data separated by a minimum inter-event time (MIT) criterion are selected based on their total rainstorm depth, the CSO volumes are underestimated significantly; whereas an analysis based on rainstorm maximum intensities over durations similar to the time of concentration provides more conservative volumes. Finally, synthetic storms constructed from multiple points of an IDF curve tend to underestimate slightly the CSO volumes, but provide acceptable results compared to single point derived storms. It was found that the overflow structures local characteristics had a marginal influence on results obtained from continuous simulation compared to event-based simulation. The use of design rainfall events should thus be restricted to preliminary assessment of CSO volume thresholds, and the final volume estimation for solution sizing should be reviewed under continuous simulation. The innovative contribution lies in the improvement of modelling procedures for solutions design to achieve a maximum CSO frequency, such as specified by many regulating agencies.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: combined sewer overflow; continuous simulation; hydraulic modelling; IDF curve; rainfall data; retention volume design
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 18 oct. 2018 18:45
Dernière modification: 18 oct. 2018 18:45
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7662

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