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Modeling seasonal variation of hip fracture in Montreal, Canada.

Modarres, Reza; Ouarda, Taha B. M. J.; Vanasse, Alain; Orzanco, Maria Gabriela; Gosselin, Pierre (2012). Modeling seasonal variation of hip fracture in Montreal, Canada. Bone , vol. 50 , nº 4. p. 909-916. DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2012.01.004.

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Résumé

The investigation of the association of the climate variables with hip fracture incidences is important in social health issues. This study examined and modeled the seasonal variation of monthly population based hip fracture rate (HFr) time series. The seasonal ARIMA time series modeling approach is used to model monthly HFr incidences time series of female and male patients of the ages 40–74 and 75 + of Montreal, Québec province, Canada, in the period of 1993–2004. The correlation coefficients between meteorological variables such as temperature, snow depth, rainfall depth and day length and HFr are significant. The nonparametric Mann–Kendall test for trend assessment and the nonparametric Levene's test and Wilcoxon's test for checking the difference of HFr before and after change point are also used. The seasonality in HFr indicated sharp difference between winter and summer time. The trend assessment showed decreasing trends in HFr of female and male groups. The nonparametric test also indicated a significant change of the mean HFr. A seasonal ARIMA model was applied for HFr time series without trend and a time trend ARIMA model (TT-ARIMA) was developed and fitted to HFr time series with a significant trend. The multi criteria evaluation showed the adequacy of SARIMA and TT-ARIMA models for modeling seasonal hip fracture time series with and without significant trend. In the time series analysis of HFr of the Montreal region, the effects of the seasonal variation of climate variables on hip fracture are clear. The Seasonal ARIMA model is useful for modeling HFr time series without trend. However, for time series with significant trend, the TT-ARIMA model should be applied for modeling HFr time series.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: hip fracture; SARIMA; seasonality; trend; climate
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 19 oct. 2018 14:47
Dernière modification: 19 oct. 2018 14:47
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7261

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