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Organic Selenium, Selenate and Selenite Accumulation by Lake Plankton and the Alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii at Different pH and Sulfate Concentrations.

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Ponton, Dominic; Fortin, Claude; Hare, Landis (9999). Organic Selenium, Selenate and Selenite Accumulation by Lake Plankton and the Alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii at Different pH and Sulfate Concentrations. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry . DOI: 10.1002/etc.4158. (Sous Presse)

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Résumé

Selenium (Se) concentrations measured in lake planktonic food chains (microplankton < 64 µm, copepods and Chaoborus larvae) were strongly correlated with the concentrations of dissolved organic Se. These correlations were strengthened slightly by adding the concentrations of dissolved selenate to those of organic Se. To better understand the role of Se species and the influence of water chemistry on Se uptake, we exposed the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to selenite, selenate or selenomethionine at various H⁺ ion and sulfate concentrations under controlled laboratory conditions. At low sulfate concentrations, inorganic Se species (selenate >> selenite) were more readily accumulated by this alga than was selenomethionine. However, at higher sulfate concentrations the uptake of selenite was higher than that of selenate while the uptake of selenomethionine remained unchanged. While pH of the exposure water did not influence the uptake of selenate by this alga, the accumulation of selenomethionine and selenite increased with pH because of their relative pH‐related speciation. The Se concentrations that we measured in C. reinhardtii exposed to selenomethionine were 30 times lower than those that we measured in field‐collected microplankton exposed in the same laboratory conditions. This difference is explained by the taxa present in the microplankton samples. Using our laboratory measurements of Se uptake in microplankton and our natural Se concentrations in lakewater allowed us to model Se concentrations in a lake pelagic food chain.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: algae; organic selenium; selenate; selenite; sulfate; pH
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 11 mai 2018 17:50
Dernière modification: 11 mai 2018 17:50
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7138

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