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Public information cues affect the scrounging decisions of starlings.

Templeton, Jennifer J.; Giraldeau, Luc-Alain (1995). Public information cues affect the scrounging decisions of starlings. Animal Behaviour , vol. 49 , nº 6. p. 1617-1626. DOI: 10.1016/0003-3472(95)90084-5.

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Résumé

The foraging decisions that individuals make within groups should depend on the information available to them. An aviary experiment was conducted to examine whether a starling's, Sturnus vulgaris, decisions either to approach and feed from (scrounge) or to avoid the patches exploited by a partner bird are influenced by the information the partner provides. Both the type of information a subject could recognize and the point at which this information became available during the partner's exploitation of a patch were manipulaed. Information concerning the quality of a patch was available in the form of a concealed colour cue and from the behaviour of the partner bird. The foraging environment was manipulated such that colour cues were either present or absent, and provided either correct or incorrect information concerning the presence of food. When cues corresponded with past foraging experience, test subjects responded selectively and profitably to the patch exploitations of the partner; they scrounged from a higher proportion of profitable patches than control birds, which lacked the ability to recognize colour cues. Test subjects also arrived more quickly at profitable patches that the partner bird discovered than did control birds; and consequently, were able to obtain more food at each food patch scrounged. Finally, test subjects avoided scrounging when the partner discovered empty patches and thus saved foraging time. Responding selectively to public information, therefore, allows an individual to compete more effectively for resources within a foraging group.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: foraging; public information; scrounger; starling
Centre: Institut national de la recherche scientifique
Date de dépôt: 02 mai 2018 15:37
Dernière modification: 02 mai 2018 15:37
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7087

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