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Aggregations from using inadvertent social information: a form of ideal habitat selection.

Nocera, Joseph J.; Forbes, Graham J.; Giraldeau, Luc-Alain (2009). Aggregations from using inadvertent social information: a form of ideal habitat selection. Ecography , vol. 32 , nº 1. p. 143-152. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2008.05614.x.

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Résumé

Social information in breeding site selection has received extensive study; however, few attempts have been made to link this process to pre-existing models. We examine the importance of social information to three pertinent models of habitat selection that describe breeding aggregations and spatial patterns: 1) the ideal despotic distribution (IDD) which considers conspecific competition and habitat availability, 2) the perceptual constraints model which accounts for patch selection when animals experience a threshold of undetectable difference in quality, and 3) the "neighbourhood model" which predicts concordance between resources and settlers can be disrupted by conspecific attraction when resources are patchy. These models all predict initial settlers will select a high quality patch first. However, their predictions of subsequent settlement behaviour in remaining patches differ: the IDD predicts subsequent settlers will be distributed regularly, the perceptual constraints model predicts a random distribution, and the neighbourhood model predicts clustering from conspecific attraction. We examined which model best described settlement patterns of bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus and savannah sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis, in the context of social information. We observed settlement timing, quantified available resources, and determined where they occurred in the highest (local population "core") and lowest densities (local population "periphery"). We then assessed whether individuals in the periphery settled in greater concordance with resources or conspecific presence. Core territories were clustered strongly on relevant resources, and these territory holders were older than in the periphery. Peripheral territories were likewise clustered but did not always co-occur with the best available resources, matching the neighbourhood model prediction that social information may not always direct them to the best sites available. This suggests older individuals used their own experience to locate ideal habitat, whereas younger individuals attempted to aggregate on seemingly ideal habitat by using conspecific location; such information asymmetry due to age can be viewed as an "ideal aggregative distribution".

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: breeding; conspecific; habitat availability; passerine; patch use; savanna; settling behavior; site selection
Centre: Institut national de la recherche scientifique
Date de dépôt: 02 mai 2018 18:26
Dernière modification: 02 mai 2018 18:26
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7071

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