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Family-related differences in social foraging tactic use in the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata).

Mathot, Kimberley J.; Giraldeau, Luc-Alain (2010). Family-related differences in social foraging tactic use in the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology , vol. 64 , nº 11. p. 1805-1811. DOI: 10.1007/s00265-010-0992-2.

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Résumé

When animals forage in groups, they can search for food themselves (producer tactic), or they can search for opportunities to exploit the food discoveries of others (scrounger tactic). Both theoretical and empirical work have shown that group-level use of these alternative tactics is influenced by environmental conditions including group size and food distribution, and individual tactic use can be influenced by several measures of individual state, including body condition. Because body condition has been shown to be heritable for various species, social foraging tactics may also be heritable. We looked for evidence of heritability in social foraging tactic use in the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata) by testing whether: (1) natural variation in body condition correlates with tactic use, (2) there are family-related differences in body condition, and (3) there are family-related differences in observed tactic use. Tactic use in the zebra finch was significantly related to body condition; individuals with lower body condition scores had a significantly higher use of the scrounger tactic as predicted from variance-sensitive producer-scrounger models. Body-condition scores differed significantly between families, suggesting that this aspect of individual state may have a heritable component. Finally, we recorded significant family-related differences in the use of producer and scrounger alternatives. These results are consistent with heritability in observed tactic use resulting from an inheritance of individual state, in this case body condition, which itself influences tactic use. Understanding how and why individuals differ in their use of alternative tactics is fundamental as it may provide important insights into inter-individual variation in fitness.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: alternative tactics; conditional strategy; family effects; heritability; producer-scrounger; social foraging
Centre: Institut national de la recherche scientifique
Date de dépôt: 02 mai 2018 18:37
Dernière modification: 02 mai 2018 18:37
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7054

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