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Removal of Pollutants in Different Landfill Leachate Treatment Processes on the Basis of Organic Matter Fractionation.

Zolfaghari, Mehdi; Dia, Oumar; Klai, Nouha; Drogui, Patrick; Brar, Satinder Kaur; Buelna, Gerardo; Dubé, Rino (2018). Removal of Pollutants in Different Landfill Leachate Treatment Processes on the Basis of Organic Matter Fractionation. Journal of Environment Quality , vol. 47 , nº 2. p. 297-305. DOI: 10.2134/jeq2017.09.0360.

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Résumé

A combination of processes was required for the proper treatment of old landfill leachate, as it contained a high concentration of pollutants. Humic substances comprised half of the total organic carbon in the raw leachate. Mobility of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and metals could depend on the fate of these substances. Characterization of carbon in raw leachate and effluent of the membrane bioreactor, biofiltration, electro-oxidation, electro-coagulation, and nanofiltration showed complete removal of suspended solids and colloids. Physical processes could not remove the hydrophilic fraction due to its lower molecular weight. However, high removal of the hydrophilic fraction with a molecular weight <500 Da was expected in the biological process. In comparison with fulvic acid, larger sized humic acid resulted in complete removal by physicochemical processes. Because of DEHP partitioning on dissolved organic matter, especially on humic substances, its removal could be correlated with total organic carbon removal. Metals such as iron, aluminum, magnesium, and lead showed removal efficiency >80% in biological processes. Electro-deposition on the surface of an electrode and precipitation by hydroxide resulted in removal efficiencies >90 and >50% in electro-coagulation and electro-oxidation, respectively. Rejection of metals by nanofiltration was >80% and depended on the size and charge of cation. All in all, a combination of membrane bioreactor and nanofiltration seems to be the optimal process configuration for efficient treatment of old landfill leachate.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: biogeochemistry; biological materials; bioreactors; carbon; coagulation; efficiency; effluents; electrooxidation; electrosurgery; hydrophilicity; land fill; molecular weight; nanofiltration; organic; removal
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 08 mai 2018 15:26
Dernière modification: 08 mai 2018 15:26
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/6912

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