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Classification of lithostratigraphic and alteration units from drillhole lithogeochemical data using machine learning: A case study from the Lalor volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, Snow Lake, Manitoba, Canada.

Caté, Antoine; Schetselaar, Ernst; Mercier-Langevin, Patrick; Ross, Pierre-Simon (2018). Classification of lithostratigraphic and alteration units from drillhole lithogeochemical data using machine learning: A case study from the Lalor volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, Snow Lake, Manitoba, Canada. Journal of Geochemical Exploration , vol. 188 . p. 216-228. DOI: 10.1016/j.gexplo.2018.01.019.

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Résumé

Classification of rock types using geochemical variables is widely used in geosciences, but most standard classification methods are restricted to the simultaneous use of two or three variables at a time. Machine learning-based methods allow for a multivariate approach to classification problems, potentially increasing classification success rates. Here a series of multivariate machine learning classification algorithms, together with different sets of lithogeochemistry-derived variables, are tested on samples collected at the Lalor Zn-Cu-Au volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, to discriminate volcanic units and alteration types. Support Vector Machine and Ensemble method algorithms give the best performance on both classification exercises. Untransformed chemical element concentrations with high classification power are the best-performing variables. Classification success rates are equal or better than those obtained using standard classification methods and are satisfactory enough for the use of the resulting predictions for 2D and 3D modelling of geological units.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Lalor; snow lake; mining exploration; lithogeochemistry; multivariate classification; machine learning
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 09 avr. 2018 14:42
Dernière modification: 09 avr. 2018 14:42
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/6878

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