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Characterizing and modelling the trapping efficiency of sedimentation basins downstream of harvested peat bog.

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Samson-Dô, Myriam; St-Hilaire, André (2018). Characterizing and modelling the trapping efficiency of sedimentation basins downstream of harvested peat bog. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering , vol. 45 , nº 6. p. 478-788. DOI: 10.1139/cjce-2017-0330.

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Résumé

Peat moss harvesting is an important industry in Canada. To harvest peat, the water table of the peatland must be lowered to allow the surficial peat layer to dry and be harvested. Drainage water can contain suspended sediments, so at most harvesting sites, the water is routed through sedimentation basins. This work focuses on characterizing and modelling their trapping efficiency. Eight basins with different volume/watershed area ratios (705 to 4170 m3/km2) were studied in three Quebec regions. Suspended sediment concentration and discharge were monitored up- and downstream of each basin during the ice-free season. Basins with high ratios of volume/drainage area, multiple basin configurations (i.e., two basins in series or in parallel) and those equipped with a flow regulation structure were more efficient than regular basins. Moreover, the nature of sediments (size, decomposition level and organic content) influences loads, but not the trapping efficiency. Finally, two empirical models developed to predict trapping efficiency of municipal sedimentation basins were tested/adapted for basins that capture peat sediments.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: harvested peat bog; trapping efficiency; sediment; peat
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 09 avr. 2018 15:25
Dernière modification: 21 juin 2018 15:07
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/6874

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