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Overweight and obesity in New Caledonian adults: Results from measured and adjusted self-reported anthropometric data

Corsenac, Philippe; Annesi-Maesano, Isabella; Hoy, Damian; Roth, Adam; Rouchon, Bernard; Capart, Isabelle; Taylor, Richard (2017). Overweight and obesity in New Caledonian adults: Results from measured and adjusted self-reported anthropometric data Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice , vol. 133 . p. 193-203. DOI: 10.1016/j.diabres.2017.06.020.

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Résumé

Aims: To estimate the overweight (OW) and obesity (Ob) prevalence and associated socio-demographic risk factors in New Caledonian adults aged 18-67. years.

Methods: From a randomly selected cross-sectional population survey, self-reported (n=2513) and measured (n=736) height and weight data were collected. Separate linear regression analyses for measured weight and height were performed, using cases with both self-reported weight and height and socio-demographic variables. The final weight and height assigned to each case was either measured or predicted from the regression (n=2075). OW prevalence was defined as: Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥25 and <30kg/m-2; and Ob: BMI ≥30kg/m-2. Samples were weighted to the general adult population. Prevalence and Odds ratios (ORs) were calculated by gender, and adjusted for socio-demographic variables, to assess differentials in OW, Ob and OW-Ob, using multinomial and logistic regressions.

Results: Male (M) OW was 35% (95% CI: 31-38), Ob 29% (95% CI: 26-32) and OW-Ob 64% (95% CI: 60-67); female (F) OW was 26% (95% CI: 23-28), Ob 34% (95% CI: 31-37) and OW-Ob 60% (95% CI: 57-63). Compared to Melanesians (OR = 1.0) for male/female: Polynesians had the highest prevalence of OW (1.7/1.5), Ob (4.7/3.5), and OW-Ob (3.0/2.5); New Caledonian-born Europeans had greater OW, Ob and OW-Ob (0.3/0.4) than immigrant Europeans (0.2/0.2).

Conclusions: Findings contribute to obesity comparisons with other Pacific Islands, and they establish trends in New Caledonia for targeting policies and strategies of prevention.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: General adult population; New Caledonia; Obesity; Overweight Prevalence; Self-reported-measured-predicted-data
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 25 mars 2019 15:27
Dernière modification: 25 mars 2019 15:27
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/6711

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