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Flow dynamics in hyper-saline aquifers: hydro-geophysical monitoring and modeling.

Haaken, Klaus; Deidda, Gian Piero; Cassiani, Giorgio; Deiana, Rita; Putti, Mario; Paniconi, Claudio; Scudeler, Carlotta; Kemna, Andreas (2017). Flow dynamics in hyper-saline aquifers: hydro-geophysical monitoring and modeling. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences , vol. 21 , nº 3. p. 1439-1454. DOI: 10.5194/hess-21-1439-2017.

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Résumé

Saline–freshwater interaction in porous media is a phenomenon of practical interest particularly for the management of water resources in arid and semi-arid environments, where precious freshwater resources are threatened by seawater intrusion and where storage of freshwater in saline aquifers can be a viable option. Saline–freshwater interactions are controlled by physico-chemical processes that need to be accurately modeled. This in turn requires monitoring of these systems, a non-trivial task for which spatially extensive, high-resolution non-invasive techniques can provide key information. In this paper we present the field monitoring and numerical modeling components of an approach aimed at understanding complex saline–freshwater systems. The approach is applied to a freshwater injection experiment carried out in a hyper-saline aquifer near Cagliari (Sardinia, Italy). The experiment was monitored using time-lapse cross-hole electrical resistivity tomography (ERT). To investigate the flow dynamics, coupled numerical flow and transport modeling of the experiment was carried out using an advanced three-dimensional (3-D) density-driven flow-transport simulator. The simulation results were used to produce synthetic ERT inversion results to be compared against real field ERT results. This exercise demonstrates that the evolution of the freshwater bulb is strongly influenced by the system's (even mild) hydraulic heterogeneities. The example also highlights how the joint use of ERT imaging and gravity-dependent flow and transport modeling give fundamental information for this type of study.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: aquifers; hydrogeology; porous materials; water; water management; water resources; geophysical monitoring
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 07 mai 2018 20:40
Dernière modification: 07 mai 2018 20:40
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/6456

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