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Filter feeders increase sedimentation of titanium dioxide: The case of zebra mussels.

Larios, Araceli D.; Pulicharla, Rama; Brar, Satinder Kaur; Cledón, Maximiliano (2017). Filter feeders increase sedimentation of titanium dioxide: The case of zebra mussels. Science of The Total Environment . DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.08.150.

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Résumé

Titanium dioxide particles (TiO₂) are widely used to produce whitens (titanium white) and different class of nanomaterials (semiconductors, photo catalysts and nanotubes). Nanomaterials are excellent adsorbents and catalysts with a wide range of applications. However, these are reported to induce biological and genetic alterations among several invertebrate groups. Invasive species such as zebra mussels can be used as model organisms to study the behavior of particles and nanoparticles (NPs) due to their wide distribution; mussels have been extensively used for monitoring water pollution. In the present study, TiO₂ particles were dispersed and added to a Chlorella culture to emulate a natural scenario. To study the reaction of zebra mussels to different TiO₂ concentrations, they were fed with 0.35, 0.7 and 3.5 mgTiO₂/L of the suspension for 3 days and the titanium was measured in the water column, mussels and sediments with ICP-AES. Zebra mussels obtained from the Port of Quebec had up 61.62 mg Ti/kg wet tissue at the time of capture. After 10 days of depuration, they had from 0.23 to 16.28 mgTi/kg wet tissue. Mussels accumulated TiO₂ after 36 h of exposition as a function of TiO₂ concentration, but mussels did not present significant mortality due to TiO₂ toxicity until concentrations higher than 0.7 ppm. A second set of experiments was run to understand the TiO₂ pathway attached to microalgae vs free TiO₂. Results indicated that mussels accumulated slightly more Ti when it was mixed with microalgae. However, the statistical difference was non- significant. A 100 times higher accumulation of Ti in sediments was identified when mussels are present. Thus, it was concluded that the sedimentation of TiO₂ is enhanced by the zebra mussels' filtration activity.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: zebra mussel; ecotoxicology; TiO₂; bioaccumulation; bio-magnification; sediments
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 27 nov. 2017 21:41
Dernière modification: 27 nov. 2017 21:41
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/6382

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