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An insight into the adsorption of diclofenac on different biochars: mechanisms, surface chemistry, and thermodynamics.

Lonappan, Linson; Rouissi, Tarek; Brar, Satinder Kaur; Verma, Mausam; Surampalli, Rao Y. (2017). An insight into the adsorption of diclofenac on different biochars: mechanisms, surface chemistry, and thermodynamics. Bioresource Technology . DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2017.10.039.

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Résumé

Biochars were prepared from feedstocks pinewood and pig manure. Biochar microparticles obtained through grinding were evaluated for the removal of emerging contaminant diclofenac (DCF) and the underlying mechanism were thoroughly studied. Characterization of biochar was carried out using particle size analyzer, SEM, BET, FT-IR, XRD, XPS and zeta potential instrument. Pig manure biochar (BC-PM) exhibited excellent removal efficiency (99.6%) over pine wood biochar (BC-PW) at 500 µg L⁻¹ of DCF (environmentally significant concentration). Intraparticle diffusion was found to be the major process facilitated the adsorption. BC-PW followed pseudo first-order kinetics whereas BC-PM followed pseudo second –order kinetics. Pine wood biochar was largely affected by pH variations whereas for pig manure biochar, pH effects were minimal owing to its surface functional groups and DCF hydrophobicity. Thermodynamics, presence of co-existing ions, initial adsorbate concentration and particles size played substantial role in adsorption. Various isotherms models were also studied and results are presented.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: diclofenac; adsorption; biochar; interface chemistry; thermodynamics; mechanisms
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 27 nov. 2017 21:57
Dernière modification: 27 nov. 2017 21:57
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/6373

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