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Hydrodynamic Modeling of the St. Lawrence Fluvial Estuary. I: Model Setup, Calibration, and Validation.

Matte, Pascal; Secretan, Yves; Morin, Jean (2017). Hydrodynamic Modeling of the St. Lawrence Fluvial Estuary. I: Model Setup, Calibration, and Validation. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering , vol. 143 , nº 5. 04017010. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)WW.1943-5460.0000397.

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Résumé

In this study, a high-resolution, two-dimensional (2D), time-dependent hydrodynamic model of the St. Lawrence fluvial estuary was developed with the objective of documenting the tidal hydrodynamics of this complex yet poorly understood region. The hydrodynamic model solves the shallow-water equations over a finite-element–discretized domain, with an average spatial resolution of 50 m, and includes a drying–wetting component for the treatment of shallow intertidal areas. The numerical terrain model is composed of high-density topographic data and detailed friction fields associated with bottom substrate and macrophytes. Calibration and validation were carried out using recently acquired data for water level and velocity. Results show very good accuracy in water levels, with prediction skills higher than 0.99 at all stations (where a skill of 1 means perfect agreement between model and observations in terms of their relative average error) and root-mean-square errors (RMSEs) less than 5% of local tidal ranges downstream; at upstream stations where tidal ranges are significantly reduced, RMSEs were lower than 6 cm. Discharges were reproduced with similarly good accuracy, with errors lower than 6% of the maximum observed discharges at 11 of the 13 surveyed transects; the two remaining sections are subject to larger interpolation and bathymetric uncertainties. In this paper, critical aspects of model development are discussed, including the 2D approximation, temporal and spatial resolution, bathymetric uncertainty, error in the boundary conditions, and calibration under nonstationary conditions. This work is the first part of a two-part investigation serving as a methodological framework for model setup, calibration, and validation in large tidal rivers.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Two-dimensional (2D) hydrodynamic model; calibration and validation; tidal river; St. Lawrence fluvial estuary; H2D2 software
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 12 févr. 2018 21:40
Dernière modification: 12 févr. 2018 21:40
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/6321

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