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Red light violations by adult pedestrians and other safety-related behaviors at signalized crosswalks

Dommes, Aurélie; Granié, Marie-Axelle; Cloutier, Marie-Soleil; Coquelet, Cécile; Huguenin-Richard, Florence (2015). Red light violations by adult pedestrians and other safety-related behaviors at signalized crosswalks Accident Analysis & Prevention , vol. 80 , nº July. p. 67-75. DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2015.04.002.

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Résumé

To study human factors linked to red light violations, and more generally to safety-related behaviors at signalized crosswalks, the present study combines the collection of observational data with questionnaires answered by 422 French adult pedestrians. Thirteen behavioral indicators were extracted (12 before and while crossing, and red light violation), and the roles of several demographical, contextual and mobility-associated variables were examined. The results of the stepwise logistic regression analyses carried out on each of the 12 behavioral indicators observed before and while crossing revealed that gender had no major impact, but age did, with more cautious behaviors as pedestrians were older. The three contextual variables (group size, parked vehicles, and traffic density), as four mobility-associated variables (driving and walking experiences, self-reported crossing difficulties and falls in the street) were also found to be important factors in safety-related crossing behaviors. A wider logistic regression analysis, made specifically on red light violations with all behavioral indicators observed before and while crossings and the several demographical, contextual and mobility-associated variables put together, showed that red light violations were mostly affected by current situational factors (group size, parked vehicles) and particularly associated with some behavioral patterns (looking toward the traffic, the ground, the light, running and crossing diagonally). The overall results encourage the development of safer pedestrian infrastructures and engineering countermeasures.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: Pedestrians; Signalized crosswalk; Observation; Violation; Safety
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 26 juill. 2017 20:04
Dernière modification: 26 juill. 2017 20:04
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/5882

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