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In vivo proinflammatory activity of generations 0-3 (G0-G3) polyamidoamine (PAMAM) nanoparticles

Durocher, Isabelle; Girard, Denis (2016). In vivo proinflammatory activity of generations 0-3 (G0-G3) polyamidoamine (PAMAM) nanoparticles Inflammation Research , vol. 65 , nº 9. p. 745-755. DOI: 10.1007/s00011-016-0959-5.

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Résumé

OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: The aim of this study was to determine whether different generations (G) polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers possess proinflammatory activities in vivo. MATERIAL OR SUBJECTS: Several hundred female CD-1 mice were used to test four different PAMAM dendrimers using the murine air pouch model. TREATMENT: Mice received appropriate negative and positive controls or G0-G3 PAMAM nanoparticles at 100 and 500 microg/ml into air pouches. METHODS: Exudates were harvested after 3, 6, 24 and 48 h. Cell pellets and supernatants were used to determine the number of total leukocytes and neutrophils and to detect the production of several analytes by an antibody array approach, respectively. One-way analysis of variance was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: PAMAM dendrimers rapidly increased a leukocyte influx after 3 h, the vast majority of cells being neutrophils. This was also observed after 6 and 24 h, and resolution of inflammation was noted after 48 h. In general, the increased production of a greater number of analytes detected in the exudates after 6 h correlated with the number of dendrimer generations (G3 > G2 > G1 > G0). CONCLUSIONS: PAMAM dendrimers devoid of any delivering molecules possess proinflammatory activities in vivo by themselves, probably via the production of different chemokines released by air pouch lining cells.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: Animals; Dendrimers/ pharmacology; Female; Gelatinases/metabolism; Inflammation/metabolism; Leukocyte Count; Mice; Nanoparticles; Neutrophil Infiltration/drug effects; Neutrophils/drug effects
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 25 juin 2017 18:39
Dernière modification: 25 juin 2017 18:39
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/5501

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