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Recovery of Zn (II), Mn (II), Cd (II) and Ni (II) from the unsorted spent batteries using solvent extraction, electrodeposition and precipitation methods.

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Tanong, Kulchaya; Tran, Lan Huong; Mercier, Guy; Blais, Jean-François (2017). Recovery of Zn (II), Mn (II), Cd (II) and Ni (II) from the unsorted spent batteries using solvent extraction, electrodeposition and precipitation methods. Journal of Cleaner Production , vol. 148 . p. 233-244. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.01.158.

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Résumé

This investigation presents the development of a waste batteries recycling technology, that could lead to the minimization of waste discharged and contamination problems and to the depletion of natural resources. This study mainly focused on the recovery of metals from a pregnant leach solution (PLS) obtained from a sulphuric leaching process applied to unsorted spent batteries. The PLS mainly contains Zn, Mn, Cd, Ni and Co. Cyanex 272 (di-2,4,4-trimethylpentyl phosphinic acid) was used to selectively recover Zn from the mixed solution. The Zn-Cyanex 272 was stripped and electrodeposited in metallic form and approximately 134 kg of Zn were recovered. Cd and Mn were co-extracted in the organic solvent D2EHPA (2-ethylhexylphosphonic acid) from the Zn-depleted solution and they were stripped using H₂SO₄. Consequently, Cd was selectively electrodeposited from a sulphate-stripped solution where the amount of Cd recovered was equal to 21.6 kg Cd per ton of waste battery powder. Residual Mn was recovered in the carbonate form by the addition of Na₂CO₃ (238 kg of Mn t−1 of waste battery powder). In the following step, Cyanex 272 was used to remove Co and other impurities from the Zn-Cd-Mn depleted solution, while Ni was not extracted. Finally, Ni was precipitated from the pure NiSO₄ solution with Na₂CO₃ and 23.8 kg of Ni were recovered per ton of waste battery powder. The costs of the process develop to recover metals (including only chemical costs and energy consumption) are estimated at $814 t⁻¹ of battery powder, while the metal revenues obtained are estimated at $2132 t⁻¹ of battery powder. The chemical cost/metal revenue ratio is lower than 50%, which indicates that the process is feasible.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Cyanex 272; D2EHPA; electrodeposition; chemical precipitation; leachate; spent batteries
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 12 févr. 2018 21:28
Dernière modification: 11 avr. 2018 14:40
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/5181

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