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High-resolution gamma ray attenuation density measurements on mining exploration drill cores, including cut cores.

Ross, Pierre-Simon; Bourke, Alexandre (2017). High-resolution gamma ray attenuation density measurements on mining exploration drill cores, including cut cores. Journal of Applied Geophysics , vol. 136 . p. 262-268. DOI: 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2016.11.012.

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Résumé

Physical property measurements are increasingly important in mining exploration. For density determinations on rocks, one method applicable on exploration drill cores relies on gamma ray attenuation. This non-destructive method is ideal because each measurement takes only 10 s, making it suitable for high-resolution logging. However calibration has been problematic. In this paper we present new empirical, site-specific correction equations for whole NQ and BQ cores. The corrections force back the gamma densities to the “true” values established by the immersion method. For the NQ core caliber, the density range extends to high values (massive pyrite, ~ 5 g/cm³) and the correction is thought to be very robust. We also present additional empirical correction factors for cut cores which take into account the missing material. These “cut core correction factors”, which are not site-specific, were established by making gamma density measurements on truncated aluminum cylinders of various residual thicknesses. Finally we show two examples of application for the Abitibi Greenstone Belt in Canada. The gamma ray attenuation measurement system is part of a multi-sensor core logger which also determines magnetic susceptibility, geochemistry and mineralogy on rock cores, and performs line-scan imaging.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: density; rocks; core logging; mining exploration; gamma ray attenuation; sulfides
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 16 juin 2017 18:51
Dernière modification: 16 juin 2017 18:51
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/5167

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