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Is poverty concentration expanding to the suburbs? Analyzing the intra-metropolitan poverty distribution and its change in Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver

Ades, Josefina; Apparicio, Philippe; Séguin, Anne-Marie (2016). Is poverty concentration expanding to the suburbs? Analyzing the intra-metropolitan poverty distribution and its change in Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver Canadian Journal of Regional Science / Revue canadienne des sciences régionales , vol. 39 , nº 1/3. p. 23-37.

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Résumé

A spatial decentralization of the low-income population has been observed in many major U.S. metropolitan areas as well as in their Canadian counterparts. Few Canadian studies have explored whether this change is a trend that extends across the suburban space or if it is limited to specific areas of the metropolitan region. The goal of this article is to verify if suburban poverty in Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver is a phenomenon limited to older suburbs or if it is increasing in more recent suburban areas as well. By elaborating a typology of the metropolitan region, we examine if changes in poverty between 1986 and 2006 are associated with specific types of built environment. We then evaluate if this association is maintained when we introduce additional explanatory factors related to gentrification and neighbourhood decline. We explore if the geography of poverty in the main CMAs evolves in a similar pattern or if each CMA has its own particularities. Our results reveal that areas of rising poverty are mostly located in post-war suburbs. These areas share some of the characteristics of inner-city poor neighbourhoods and differ in some ways from the typical middle- and upper-class suburbs.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: poverty; suburbs; Quebec; Ontario; British Columbia; Canada
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 01 mars 2017 20:04
Dernière modification: 01 mars 2017 20:04
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/5044

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