Dépôt numérique
RECHERCHER

Combined effects of temperature changes and metal contamination at different levels of biological organization in yellow perch.

Grasset, Julie; Ollivier, Élodie; Bougas, Bérénice; Yannic, Glenn; Campbell, Peter G. C.; Bernatchez, Louis; Couture, Patrice (2016). Combined effects of temperature changes and metal contamination at different levels of biological organization in yellow perch. Aquatic Toxicology , vol. 177 . p. 324-332. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2016.06.008.

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Résumé

In this study, we measured the effects of temperature (9 °C, 20 °C, and 28 °C), metal contamination (cadmium and nickel) and their interaction on yellow perch (Perca flavescens) using liver enzymatic and transcriptomic endpoints and biometric indices. Kidney metal concentrations increased with a rise of temperature. The biometric indices analysed (Fulton condition factor, pyloric cæca, hepatosomatic and gonadosomatic indices) generally decreased with an increase of temperature but not with metal contamination. At the enzymatic level, the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), involved in antioxidant response, was affected by both temperature and metal contamination, whereas the activity of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), involved in energy accumulation but also in antioxidant response, was only affected by metal exposure. The response of perch to the stressors at the transcriptional level differed from the metabolic response. In particular, the transcription level of the cco and g6pdh genes sharply decreased with increasing temperature, while the activities of the corresponding enzymes remained stable. The normal response of the transcription level of the apoptotic gene (diablo) to heat stress was also altered in metal-contaminated fish. The combination of metal and temperature stresses also modified the response of antioxidant metabolism induced by these stressors individually. This study contributes to a better understanding of the influences of natural stressors like temperature on biomarkers commonly used in ecotoxicological studies and will facilitate their interpretation in the context of multiple stressors characteristic of field situations.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: fish; yellow perch; Perca flavescens; temperature; metals; cadmium; nickel; metabolic capacities; gene transcription level; biometric condition indicators; oxidative stress
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 03 mai 2018 15:47
Dernière modification: 03 mai 2018 15:47
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/4693

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