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Silver nanoparticles induce irremediable endoplasmic reticulum stress leading to unfolded protein response dependent apoptosis in breast cancer cells

Simard, Jean-Christophe; Durocher, Isabelle; Girard, Denis (2016). Silver nanoparticles induce irremediable endoplasmic reticulum stress leading to unfolded protein response dependent apoptosis in breast cancer cells Apoptosis , vol. 21 , nº 11. p. 1279-1290. DOI: 10.1007/s10495-016-1285-7.

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Résumé

Nowadays, silver nanoparticles (AgNP) are widely used in the medical field mainly for their antibacterial properties. Although some studies report a cytotoxic activity of the particles, the mechanisms involved in AgNP-induced cell death remain to be determined. Herein, we report that AgNP of 2 (AgNP2) and 15 nm (AgNP15) induce apoptosis in human MCF-7 and T-47D breast cancer cells. Treatment with AgNP2 and AgNP15 led to accumulation and aggregation of misfolded proteins causing an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and activating the unfolded protein response (UPR). The three main ER sensors, PERK, IRE-1alpha and ATF-6, were rapidly activated in response to AgNP2 and AgNP15. Although Grp78 levels remained unchanged, AgNP2 and AgNP15 induced upregulation of the transcription factors ATF-4 and GADD153/CHOP. Moreover, the initiating caspase-9 and the effector caspase-7 were activated in response to these NPs. The expression levels of the pro-apoptotic BIM and BAD proteins remained unchanged. In contrast, a downregulation of Mcl-1 and xIAP protein expression as well as a processing of PARP were observed. Pharmacological inhibition of PERK kinase and IRE-1 endonuclease activities, as well as inhibition of ER-stress, partially protected cells from AgNP2- and AgNP15-induced apoptosis. Of note, the non-cancerous MCF-10A cells were more resistant to both AgNP2 and AgNP15 when compared to MCF-7 and T-47D cell lines. Taken together, our results demonstrate that AgNP induce ER stress and can target the UPR-dependent apoptotic pathway in MCF-7 and T-47D, which highlights new potential strategies for the treatment of breast cancers.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: Silver nanoparticles; Breast cancer; Endoplasmic reticulum stress; Unfolded protein response
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 19 mai 2017 15:49
Dernière modification: 19 mai 2017 15:49
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/4629

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