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Mass or total surface area with aerosol size distribution as exposure metrics for inflammatory, cytotoxic and oxidative lung responses in rats exposed to titanium dioxide nanoparticles

Noël, Alexandra; Truchon, Ginette; Cloutier, Yves; Charbonneau, Michel; Maghni, Karim; Tardif, Robert (2017). Mass or total surface area with aerosol size distribution as exposure metrics for inflammatory, cytotoxic and oxidative lung responses in rats exposed to titanium dioxide nanoparticles Toxicology and Industrial Health , vol. 33 , nº 4. p. 351-364. DOI: 10.1177/0748233716651560.

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Résumé

There is currently no consensus on the best exposure metric(s) for expressing nanoparticle (NP) dose. Although surface area has been extensively studied for inflammatory responses, it has not been as thoroughly validated for cytotoxicity or oxidative stress effects. Since inhaled NPs deposit and interact with lung cells based on agglomerate size, we hypothesize that mass concentration combined with aerosol size distribution is suitable for NP risk assessment. The objective of this study was to evaluate different exposure metrics for inhaled 5 nm titanium dioxide aerosols composed of small (SA ≺ 100 nm) or large (LA ≻ 100 nm) agglomerates at 2, 7, and 20 mg/m3 on rat lung inflammatory, cytotoxicity, and oxidative stress responses. We found a significant positive correlation (r = 0.98, p ≺ 0.01) with the inflammatory reaction, measured by the number of neutrophils and the mass concentration when considering all six (SA + LA) aerosols. This correlation was similar (r = 0.87) for total surface area. Regarding cytotoxicity and oxidative stress responses, measured by lactate dehydrogenase and 8-isoprostane, respectively, and mass or total surface area as an exposure metric, we observed significant positive correlations only with SA aerosols for both the mass concentration and size distribution (r ≻ 0.91, p ≺ 0.01), as well as for the total surface area (r ≻ 0.97, p ≺ 0.01). These data show that mass or total surface area concentrations alone are insufficient to adequately predict oxidant and cytotoxic pulmonary effects. Overall, our study indicates that considering NP size distribution along with mass or total surface area concentrations contributes to a more mechanistic discrimination of pulmonary responses to NP exposure

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: Titanium dioxide; nanoparticle; exposure metric; nanotoxicology; pulmonary toxicity
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 17 mai 2017 21:22
Dernière modification: 17 mai 2017 21:22
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/4554

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