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Aquifer-peatland connectivity in southern Quebec (Canada).

Ferlatte, Miryane; Quillet, Anne; Larocque, Marie; Cloutier, Vincent; Pellerin, Stéphanie; Paniconi, Claudio (2015). Aquifer-peatland connectivity in southern Quebec (Canada). Hydrological Processes , vol. 29 , nº 11. p. 2600-2612. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.10390.

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Résumé

In areas where peatlands are abundant, they are likely to play a significant role in the hydrological and hydrogeological dynamics of a watershed. Although individual case studies are reported in the literature, there is a large range of aquifer–peatland interactions and there is a need to understand the controls of these interactions. The objectives of this study were (1) to better understand aquifer–peatland connections and how these may be predicted by geology and geomorphic location and (2) to provide a variety of reference sites for glacial geological settings. Slope and depression peatlands were studied in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region and in the St. Lawrence Lowlands, two contrasting regions of southern Quebec. A total of 12 transects that span a shallow aquifer–peatland interface were instrumented with piezometers. Field investigations included peatland characterization, monthly water level monitoring, and continuous hydraulic head measurements with pressure transducers. The results indicate that 7 of the 12 transects receive groundwater from the surrounding shallow aquifer. At the peatland margin, four lateral flow patterns were identified and associated with slope peatlands (parallel inflow and divergent flow) and with depression peatlands (convergent flow and parallel outflow). Vertical hydraulic gradients suggest that water flows mainly downwards, i.e. from the peatland to the underlying mineral deposits. Vertical connectivity appears to decrease as the distance from the peatland margin increases. All of these exchanges are important components in the sustainability of peatland hydrogeological functions. The regional comparison of aquifer–peatland flow dynamics performed in this study provides a new set of referenced data for the assessment of aquifer–peatland connectivity.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: peatland; aquifer; connectivity; geologic setting; southern Quebec (Canada)
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 18 oct. 2018 20:14
Dernière modification: 18 oct. 2018 20:14
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/4367

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