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Tropospheric temperature climatology and trends observed over the Middle East.

Basha, Ghouse; Marpu, Prashanth R.; Ouarda, Taha B. M. J. (2015). Tropospheric temperature climatology and trends observed over the Middle East. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics , vol. 133 . p. 79-86. DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2015.07.019.

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Résumé

In this study, we report for the first time, the upper air temperature climatology, and trends over the Middle East, which seem to be significantly affected by the changes associated with hot summer and low precipitation. Long term (1985–2012) radiosonde data from 12 stations are used to derive the mean temperature climatology and vertical trends. The study was performed by analyzing the data at different latitudes. The vertical profiles of air temperature show distinct behavior in terms of vertical and seasonal variability at different latitudes. The seasonal cycle of temperature at the 100 hPa, however, shows an opposite pattern compared to the 200 hPa levels. The temperature at 100 hPa shows a maximum during winter and minimum in summer. Spectral analysis shows that the annual cycle is dominant in comparison with the semiannual cycle. The time-series of temperature data was analyzed using the Bayesian change point analysis and cumulative sum method to investigate the changes in temperature trends. Temperature shows a clear change point during the year 1999 at all stations. Further, Modified Mann–Kendall test was applied to study the vertical trend, and analysis shows statistically significant lower tropospheric warming and cooling in upper troposphere after the year 1999. In general, the magnitude of the trend decreases with altitude in the troposphere. In all the latitude bands in lower troposphere, significant warming is observed, whereas at higher altitudes cooling is noticed based on 28 years temperature observations over the Middle East.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: temperature; radiosonde; warming; cooling
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 27 avr. 2018 20:03
Dernière modification: 30 avr. 2018 20:52
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/4362

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