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Atmospheric Predictors for Annual Maximum Precipitation in North Africa.

Nasri, Bouchra; Tramblay, Yves; El Adlouni, Salaheddine; Hertig, Elke; Ouarda, Taha B. M. J. (2016). Atmospheric Predictors for Annual Maximum Precipitation in North Africa. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology , vol. 55 , nº 4. p. 1063-1076. DOI: 10.1175/jamc-d-14-0122.1.

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Résumé

The high precipitation variability over North Africa presents a major challenge for the population and the infrastructure in the region. The last decades have seen many flood events caused by extreme precipitation in this area. There is a strong need to identify the most relevant atmospheric predictors to model these extreme events. In the present work, the effect of 14 different predictors calculated from NCEP-NCAR reanalysis, with daily to seasonal time steps, on the maximum annual precipitation (MAP) is evaluated at six coastal stations located in North Africa (Larache, Tangier, Melilla, Algiers, Tunis, and Gabes). The generalized extreme value (GEV) B-spline model was used to detect this influence. This model considers all continuous dependence forms (linear, quadratic, etc.) between the covariates and the variable of interest, thus providing a very flexible framework to evaluate the covariate effects on the GEV model parameters. Results show that no single set of covariates is valid for all stations. Overall, a strong dependence between the NCEP-NCAR predictors and MAP is detected, particularly with predictors describing large-scale circulation (geopotential height) or moisture (humidity). This study can therefore provide insights for developing extreme precipitation downscaling models that are tailored for North African conditions.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: Annual Maximum Precipitation; precipitation; North Africa; Maghreb; atmospheric predictors; extreme events
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 20 déc. 2016 16:55
Dernière modification: 20 déc. 2016 16:55
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/4355

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