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Recent trends in biological extraction of chitin from marine shell wastes: a review.

Kaur, Surinder; Dhillon, Gurpreet Singh (2015). Recent trends in biological extraction of chitin from marine shell wastes: a review. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology , vol. 35 , nº 1. p. 44-61. DOI: 10.3109/07388551.2013.798256.

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Résumé

The natural biopolymer chitin and its deacetylated product chitosan are widely used in innumerable applications ranging from biomedicine, pharmaceuticals, food, agriculture and personal care products to environmental sector. The abundant and renewable marine processing wastes are commercially exploited for the extraction of chitin. However, the traditional chitin extraction processes employ harsh chemicals at elevated temperatures for a prolonged time which can harm its physico-chemical properties and are also held responsible for the deterioration of environmental health. In view of this, green extraction methods are increasingly gaining popularity due to their environmentally friendly nature. The bioextraction of chitin from crustacean shell wastes has been increasingly researched at the laboratory scale. However, the bioextraction of chitin is not currently exploited to its maximum potential on the commercial level. Bioextraction of chitin is emerging as a green, cleaner, eco-friendly and economical process. Specifically in the chitin extraction, microorganisms-mediated fermentation processes are highly desirable due to easy handling, simplicity, rapidity, controllability through optimization of process parameters, ambient temperature and negligible solvent consumption, thus reducing environmental impact and costs. Although, chitin production from crustacean shell waste through biological means is still at its early stage of development, it is undergoing rapid progress in recent years and showing a promising prospect. Driven by reduced energy, wastewater or solvent, advances in biological extraction of chitin along with valuable by-products will have high economic and environmental impact.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: biological extraction; chemical extraction; chitin; chitosan; crustacean shells; marine processing wastes
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 27 avr. 2018 19:41
Dernière modification: 27 avr. 2018 19:41
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/4316

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