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River-tide dynamics: Exploration of nonstationary and nonlinear tidal behavior in the Yangtze River estuary.

Guo, Leicheng; van der Wegen, Mick; Jay, David A.; Matte, Pascal; Wang, Zheng Bing; Roelvink, Dano J. A.; He, Qing (2015). River-tide dynamics: Exploration of nonstationary and nonlinear tidal behavior in the Yangtze River estuary. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans , vol. 120 , nº 5. p. 3499-3521. DOI: 10.1002/2014JC010491.

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Résumé

River-tide dynamics remain poorly understood, in part because of conventional harmonic analysis (HA) does not cope effectively with non-stationary signals. To explore non-stationary behavior of river tides and the modulation effects of river discharge, this work analyzes tidal signals in the Yangtze River estuary using both HA in a non-stationary mode and continuous wavelet transforms (CWT). The Yangtze is an excellent natural laboratory in which to analyze river tides, because of its high and variable flow, its length, and the fact that there are do dams or reflecting barriers within the tidal part of the system. Analysis of tidal frequencies by CWT and analysis of subtidal water level and tidal ranges reveal a broad range of subtidal variations over fortnightly, monthly, semi-annual, and annual frequencies, driven by subtidal variations in friction and by variable river discharges. We employ HA in a non-stationary mode (NSHA) by segregating data within defined flow ranges into separate analyses. NSHA quantifies the decay of the principal tides and the modulation of M₄ tide with increasing river discharges. M₄ amplitudes decrease far upriver (landward portion of the estuary) and conversely increase close to the ocean as river discharge increases. The fortnightly frequencies reach an amplitude maximum upriver of that for over tide frequencies, due to the longer wavelength of the fortnightly constituents. These methods and findings should be applicable to large tidal rivers globally, and have broad implications regarding management of navigation channels and ecosystems in tidal rivers.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: nonstationary tides; river tide; subtidal variation; tidal analysis
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 27 avr. 2018 19:36
Dernière modification: 27 avr. 2018 19:36
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/4313

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