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Rheological and physical characteristics of crustal-scaled materials for centrifuge analogue modelling.

Waffle, Lindsay; Godin, Laurent; Harris, Lyal B.; Kontopoulou, Marianna (2016). Rheological and physical characteristics of crustal-scaled materials for centrifuge analogue modelling. Journal of Structural Geology , vol. 86 . p. 181-199. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsg.2016.02.014.

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Résumé

We characterize a set of analogue materials used for centrifuge analogue modelling simulating deformation at different levels in the crust simultaneously. Specifically, we improve the rheological characterization in the linear viscoelastic region of materials for the lower and middle crust, and cohesive synthetic sands without petroleum-binding agents for the upper crust. Viscoelastic materials used in centrifuge analogue modelling demonstrate complex dynamic behaviour, so viscosity alone is insufficient to determine if a material will be an effective analogue. Two series of experiments were conducted using an oscillating bi-conical plate rheometer to measure the storage and loss moduli and complex viscosities of several modelling clays and silicone putties. Tested materials exhibited viscoelastic and shear-thinning behaviour. The silicone putties and some modelling clays demonstrated viscous-dominant behaviour and reached Newtonian plateaus at strain rates < 0.5 × 10−2 s−1, while other modelling clays demonstrated elastic-dominant power-law relationships. Based on these results, the elastic-dominant modelling clay is recommended as an analogue for basement cratons. Inherently cohesive synthetic sands produce fine-detailed fault and fracture patterns, and developed thrust, strike-slip, and extensional faults in simple centrifuge test models. These synthetic sands are recommended as analogues for the brittle upper crust. These new results increase the accuracy of scaling analogue models to prototype. Additionally, with the characterization of three new materials, we propose a complete lithospheric profile of analogue materials for centrifuge modelling, allowing future studies to replicate a broader range of crustal deformation behaviours.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: analogue centrifuge modelling; rheology; viscoelastic materials; scaling
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 20 déc. 2016 16:25
Dernière modification: 20 déc. 2016 16:26
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/4017

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