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A field proof-of-concept of tomographic slug tests in an anisotropic littoral aquifer.

Paradis, Daniel; Gloaguen, Erwan; Lefebvre, René; Giroux, Bernard (2016). A field proof-of-concept of tomographic slug tests in an anisotropic littoral aquifer. Journal of Hydrology , vol. 536 . p. 61-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.02.041.

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Résumé

Hydraulic tomography is increasingly recognized as a characterization approach that can image pathways or barriers to flow as well as their connectivity. In this study, we assess the performance of a transient analysis of tomographic slug test head data in estimating heterogeneity in horizontal hydraulic conductivity (Kh), hydraulic conductivity anisotropy (the ratio between vertical and horizontal hydraulic conductivity – Kv/Kh) and specific storage (Ss) under actual field conditions. The tomographic experiment was carried out between two wells in a moderately heterogeneous and highly anisotropic silt and sand littoral aquifer. In this field proof-of-concept, the inversion of the two-dimensional (2D) head dataset was computed with a 2D radial flow algorithm that considers Kh, Kv/Kh, Ss and wellbore storage effects. This study demonstrated that a transient analysis of tomographic slug tests is able to capture the key features of the littoral environment of the test: the vertical profiles of Kh and Kv are indeed in agreement with those from other field and laboratory tests, and Ss values exhibit physically plausible profiles. Furthermore, the simulation of independent inter-well hydraulic tests (slug and pumping tests screened over the entire aquifer) using resolved Kh, Kv/Kh and Ss tomograms produce responses very close to field observations. This study demonstrates that the effects of fine scale heterogeneity that induces K-anisotropy at larger scales can be captured through a transient analysis of tomographic slug tests, which are very difficult to quantify otherwise with conventional hydraulic tests, thus allowing a better representation of properties controlling flow and transport in aquifer systems.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: hydraulic tomography; slug tests; heterogeneity; anisotropy; inverse modeling; aquifer characterization
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 20 déc. 2016 16:19
Dernière modification: 20 déc. 2016 16:19
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/4005

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