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Synthesis, characterization, and photocatalytic activity of TiO2–SiO2 nanocomposites.

Ijadpanah-Saravi, Hossein; Zolfaghari, Mehdi; Khodadadi, Ahmad; Drogui, Patrick (2016). Synthesis, characterization, and photocatalytic activity of TiO2–SiO2 nanocomposites. Desalination and Water Treatment , vol. 57 , nº 31. p. 14647-14655. DOI: 10.1080/19443994.2015.1076738.

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Résumé

Introduction of complex chemical compounds in the wastewater treatment plants challenged the biological process efficiency. Photocatalyst oxidation was newly introduced to remove the trace organic contaminations. Since their surface area determined the production of hydroxyl radicals, the pure TiO2 surface area was increased by the preparation of TiO2–SiO2 nanocomposite using sol–gel technique. Later on, the X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy diffraction spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, UV–vis reflective dispersion spectroscopy, and adsorption of nitrogen gas were deployed for its characterization. Anatase phase was detected as the dominant form of nanocomposites made in this study. Furthermore, rise of calcination temperature, increased the nanoparticle pore size. Therefore, 600°C was selected to gain the optimum nanoparticle pore size (around 10 nm). Finally, the photocatalytic activities of the synthesized nanoparticles were evaluated for removing Acid Blue 9 (AB9) dye. The photocatalytic performance of the most optimized ratio TiO2–SiO2 nanocomposites was three times higher than that of pure TiO2 and even commercial nanoparticle.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: dye removal; photocatalysis; TiO2-SiO2 nanocomposites; TiO2 nanoparticles; sol-gel method
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 20 déc. 2016 16:11
Dernière modification: 20 déc. 2016 16:11
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3978

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