Dépôt numérique
RECHERCHER

Abiotic control of underwater light in a drinking water reservoir: Photon budget analysis and implications for water quality monitoring.

Watanabe, Shohei; Laurion, Isabelle; Markager, Stiig; Vincent, Warwick (2015). Abiotic control of underwater light in a drinking water reservoir: Photon budget analysis and implications for water quality monitoring. Water Resources Research , vol. 51 , nº 8. p. 6290-6310. DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015617.

Ce document n'est pas hébergé sur EspaceINRS.

Résumé

In optically complex inland waters, the underwater attenuation of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) is controlled by a variable combination of absorption and scattering components of the lake or river water. Here we applied a photon budget approach to identify the main optical components affecting PAR attenuation in Lake St. Charles, a drinking water reservoir for Quebec City, Canada. This analysis showed the dominant role of colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) absorption (average of 44% of total absorption during the sampling period), but with large changes over depth in the absolute and relative contribution of the individual absorption components (water, non-algal particulates, phytoplankton and CDOM) to PAR attenuation. This pronounced vertical variation occurred because of the large spectral changes in the light field with depth, and it strongly affected the average in situ diffuse absorption coefficients in the water column. For example the diffuse absorption coefficient for pure-water in the ambient light field was ten-fold higher than the value previously measured in the blue open ocean and erroneously applied to lakes and coastal waters. Photon absorption budget calculations for a range of limnological conditions confirmed that phytoplankton had little direct influence on underwater light, even at chlorophyll a values above those observed during harmful algal blooms in the lake. These results imply that traditional measures of water quality such as Secchi depth and radiometric transparency do not provide a meaningful estimate of the biological state of the water column in CDOM-colored lakes and reservoirs.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: algal blooms; CDOM; DOC; hydrologic optics; light attenuation; PAR; phytoplankton; water quality
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 23 avr. 2018 20:56
Dernière modification: 23 avr. 2018 20:56
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3953

Actions (Identification requise)

Modifier la notice Modifier la notice