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Subcellular partitioning of non-essential trace metals (Ag, As, Cd, Ni, Pb, Tl) in livers of American (Anguilla rostrata) and European (Anguilla anguilla) yellow eels.

Rosabal, Maikel; Pierron, Fabien; Couture, Patrice; Baudrimont, Magalie; Hare, Landis; Campbell, Peter G. C. (2015). Subcellular partitioning of non-essential trace metals (Ag, As, Cd, Ni, Pb, Tl) in livers of American (Anguilla rostrata) and European (Anguilla anguilla) yellow eels. Aquatic Toxicology , vol. 160 . p. 128-141. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2015.01.011.

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Résumé

We determined the intracellular compartmentalization of the trace metals Ag, As, Cd, Ni, Pb and Tl in the livers of yellow eels collected from the Saint Lawrence River system in Canada (Anguilla rostrata) and in the area of the Gironde estuary in France (Anguilla anguilla). Differential centrifugation, NaOH digestion and thermal shock were used to separate eel livers into putative “sensitive” fractions (heat-denatured proteins, mitochondria and microsomes + lysosomes) and detoxified metal fractions (heat-stable peptides/proteins and granules). The cytosolic heat-stable fraction (HSP) was consistently involved in the detoxification of all trace metals. In addition, granule-like structures played a complementary role in the detoxification of Ni, Pb and Tl in both eel species. However, these detoxification mechanisms were not completely effective because increasing trace metal concentrations in whole livers were accompanied by significant increases in the concentrations of most trace metals in “sensitive” subcellular fractions, that is, mitochondria, heat-denatured cytosolic proteins and microsomes + lysosomes. Among these “sensitive” fractions, mitochondria were the major binding sites for As, Cd, Pb and Tl. This accumulation of non-essential metals in “sensitive” fractions likely represents a health risk for eels inhabiting the Saint Lawrence and Gironde environments.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: subcellular partitioning; anguilla; eels; metal toxicity; detoxification
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 23 avr. 2018 19:30
Dernière modification: 23 avr. 2018 19:30
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3926

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