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Surfactants in aquatic and terrestrial environment: occurrence, behavior, and treatment processes.

Jardak, Karama; Drogui, Patrick; Daghrir, Rimeh (2016). Surfactants in aquatic and terrestrial environment: occurrence, behavior, and treatment processes. Environmental Science and Pollution Research , vol. 23 , nº 4. p. 3195-3216. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-015-5803-x.

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Résumé

Surfactants belong to a group of chemicals that are well known for their cleaning properties. Their excessive use as ingredients in care products (e.g., shampoos, body wash) and in household cleaning products (e.g., dishwashing detergents, laundry detergents, hard-surface cleaners) has led to the discharge of highly contaminated wastewaters in aquatic and terrestrial environment. Once reached in the different environmental compartments (rivers, lakes, soils, and sediments), surfactants can undergo aerobic or anaerobic degradation. The most studied surfactants so far are linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS), quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs), alkylphenol ethoxylate (APEOs), and alcohol ethoxylate (AEOs). Concentrations of surfactants in wastewaters can range between few micrograms to hundreds of milligrams in some cases, while it reaches several grams in sludge used for soil amendments in agricultural areas. Above the legislation standards, surfactants can be toxic to aquatic and terrestrial organisms which make treatment processes necessary before their discharge into the environment. Given this fact, biological and chemical processes should be considered for better surfactants removal. In this review, we investigate several issues with regard to: (1) the toxicity of surfactants in the environment, (2) their behavior in different ecological systems, (3) and the different treatment processes used in wastewater treatment plants in order to reduce the effects of surfactants on living organisms.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: water contamination; surfactants; toxicity; detergents; soap; future trends
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 20 déc. 2016 15:01
Dernière modification: 20 déc. 2016 15:01
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3863

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