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In the Presence of Fluoride, Free Sc³⁺ Is Not a Good Predictor of Sc Bioaccumulation by Two Unicellular Algae: Possible Role of Fluoro-Complexes.

Crémazy, Anne; Campbell, Peter G. C.; Fortin, Claude (2014). In the Presence of Fluoride, Free Sc³⁺ Is Not a Good Predictor of Sc Bioaccumulation by Two Unicellular Algae: Possible Role of Fluoro-Complexes. Environmental Science & Technology , vol. 48 , nº 16. p. 9754-9761. DOI: 10.1021/es5016247.

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Résumé

We investigated the effect of fluoride complexation on scandium accumulation by two unicellular algae, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. This trivalent metal was selected for its chemical similarities with aluminum and for its convenient radioisotope (Sc-46), which can be used as a tracer in short-term bioaccumulation studies. Scandium surface-bound concentrations (Sc-ads) and uptake fluxes (J(int)) were estimated in the two algae over short-term (<1 h) exposures at pH 5 and in the presence of 0 to 40 µM F⁻. Although the computed proportion of dissolved Sc³⁺ dropped from 2096 to 0.01% over this [F⁻] range, Sc-ads and J(int) values for both algae decreased only slightly, suggesting a participation of Sc fluoro-complexes in both processes. Surface adsorption and uptake of fluoride complexes with aluminum have been reported in the literature. These observations are not taken into account by current models for trace metal bioaccumulation (e.g., the biotic ligand model). Results from a previous study, where the effects of pH on Sc uptake were investigated, suggested that Sc hydroxo-complexes were internalized by C. reinhardtii. There is thus growing evidence that the free ion concentration may not be adequate to predict the accumulation of Sc (and potentially of other trivalent metals) in aquatic organisms.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: algae; aluminum; bioaccumulation; biochemistry; fluorine compounds
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 11 avr. 2018 19:21
Dernière modification: 11 avr. 2018 19:21
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3752

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