Dépôt numérique
RECHERCHER

Subarctic Thermokarst Ponds: Investigating Recent Landscape Evolution and Sediment Dynamics in Thawed Permafrost of Northern Québec (Canada).

Téléchargements

Téléchargements par mois depuis la dernière année

Plus de statistiques...

Bouchard, Frédéric; Francus, Pierre; Pienitz, Reinhard; Laurion, Isabelle; Feyte, Stéphane (2014). Subarctic Thermokarst Ponds: Investigating Recent Landscape Evolution and Sediment Dynamics in Thawed Permafrost of Northern Québec (Canada). Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research , vol. 46 , nº 1. p. 251-271. DOI: 10.1657/1938-4246-46.1.251.

[img]
Prévisualisation
PDF
Télécharger (1MB) | Prévisualisation

Résumé

Although widely distributed throughout Arctic and subarctic regions, thermokarst ponds and lakes remain relatively unexplored regarding geomorphological changes in their catchments and their internal properties in relation to climate change over the past decades. This study synthesizes recent landscape evolution and modern sedimentology of limnologically diverse thermokarst ponds near southeastern Hudson Bay, Canada. Spatio-temporal analysis of permafrost mounds, thermokarst ponds, and vegetation surface areas over the past five decades revealed that the recent climate-induced decrease of permafrost-affected areas was not primarily compensated by thermokarst pond development, but rather by a remarkable increase in vegetation cover. These changes appeared to be modulated by topographical and hydrological gradients at the study site, which are associated with east-ward increasing thickness of postglacial marine deposits. At a more contemporary timescale, physico-chemical measurements made on sedimenting materials (sediment traps) and freshly deposited lacustrine sediments of selected thermokarst ponds revealed striking differences both among ponds and between the oxic epilimnion and the oxygen-depleted hypolimnion. These findings underscore the major influence of local landscape properties and oxycline development on pond sedimentology and geochemistry, such as the transport of detritic particles and the concentration of redox-sensitive elements.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: western Siberia; discontinuous permafrost; methane emissions; climate change; lakes; carbon; palsas; degradation; vegetation; peatlands
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 28 nov. 2019 16:14
Dernière modification: 28 nov. 2019 20:15
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3744

Actions (Identification requise)

Modifier la notice Modifier la notice