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Effect of nitrate ions on the efficiency of sonophotochemical phenol degradation.

Zaviska, François; Drogui, Patrick; El Hachemi, Errachid M.; Naffrechoux, Emmanuel (2014). Effect of nitrate ions on the efficiency of sonophotochemical phenol degradation. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry , vol. 21 , nº 1. p. 69-75. DOI: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2013.08.003.

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Résumé

A sonophotochemical oxidation process has been used for the treatment of an aqueous solution of phenol. The aim of this work is to evaluate the effect of nitrate ions on hydroxyl radical production and on phenol oxidation. It has been demonstrated that ultrasound can produce NOx (nitrate and nitrite), with a production rate of 2.2 μM min⁻¹. The photolysis of nitrate can significantly improve the hydroxyl radical production. The apparent rate constant for hydroxyl radical production increased from 0.0015 min⁻¹ to 0.0073 min⁻¹ while increasing initial nitrate concentration from 0 to 0.5 mM. The concentration of hydroxyl radical was directly proportional to the initial nitrate concentration. Using US/UV process, the apparent reaction rate constant of phenol degradation in the presence of nitrate reached 0.020 min⁻¹, which was relatively lower than the value obtained (0.027 min⁻¹) in the absence of nitrate. It appeared that, nitrate ions can inhibit the sonochemical degradation of organic compounds such as phenol.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: hydroxyl radicals; nitrate; phenol; photochemical oxidation; ultrasound oxidation
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 11 avr. 2018 18:42
Dernière modification: 11 avr. 2018 18:42
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3697

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