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Optimization of Operating Parameters for the Selective Flotation of Heavy Metals from Contaminated Fine Sediment Using Response Surface Model.

Palakkeel Veetil, Dileep; Mercier, Guy; Blais, Jean-François; Chartier, Myriam (2014). Optimization of Operating Parameters for the Selective Flotation of Heavy Metals from Contaminated Fine Sediment Using Response Surface Model. Soil & Sediment Contamination , vol. 23 , nº 2. p. 107-125. DOI: 10.1080/15320383.2013.783556.

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Résumé

In this study, the effect of different flotation operating variables, such as pH, pulp density, collector concentration, impeller speed, frother concentration, and air flow rate, on selective flotation of heavy metals, especially Cu, from fine dredged sediment has been evaluated. Parameter optimization was done using the single parameter at a time method and response surface method (RSM) using Box-Behnken design and was assessed in terms of metal removal, metal recovery, metal concentration factor, and mass recovery. Among the operating variables studied, pulp pH, collector concentration, pulp density, and impeller speed were found to have significant effect on metal flotation selectivity. A validation study of the response surface model showed its aptness to predict the optimum values of operating parameters and their interactions on flotation responses which evaluate flotation performance. Flotation experiments under optimum operating parameters showed good flotation selectivity for Cu (3.3 +/- 0.2) with a mass recovery of (mass of sediment in the froth) 14.1 +/- 1 and Cu removal of 37.4 +/- 3.6%.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: flotation; heavy metals; Cu; sediment; response surface methodology
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 11 avr. 2018 14:48
Dernière modification: 11 avr. 2018 14:48
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3652

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