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Modeling climate effects on hip fracture rate by the multivariate GARCH model in Montreal region, Canada.

Modarres, Reza; Ouarda, Taha B. M. J.; Vanasse, Alain; Orzanco, Maria Gabriela; Gosselin, Pierre (2014). Modeling climate effects on hip fracture rate by the multivariate GARCH model in Montreal region, Canada. International Journal of Biometeorology , vol. 58 , nº 5. p. 921-930. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-013-0675-6.

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Résumé

Changes in extreme meteorological variables and the demographic shift towards an older population have made it important to investigate the association of climate variables and hip fracture by advanced methods in order to determine the climate variables that most affect hip fracture incidence. The nonlinear autoregressive moving average with exogenous variable-generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (ARMAX-GARCH) and multivariate GARCH (MGARCH) time series approaches were applied to investigate the nonlinear association between hip fracture rate in female and male patients aged 40–74 and 75+ years and climate variables in the period of 1993–2004, in Montreal, Canada. The models describe 50–56 % of daily variation in hip fracture rate and identify snow depth, air temperature, day length and air pressure as the influencing variables on the time-varying mean and variance of the hip fracture rate. The conditional covariance between climate variables and hip fracture rate is increasing exponentially, showing that the effect of climate variables on hip fracture rate is most acute when rates are high and climate conditions are at their worst. In Montreal, climate variables, particularly snow depth and air temperature, appear to be important predictors of hip fracture incidence. The association of climate variables and hip fracture does not seem to change linearly with time, but increases exponentially under harsh climate conditions. The results of this study can be used to provide an adaptive climate-related public health program and ti guide allocation of services for avoiding hip fracture risk.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: hip fracture; ARMAX-GARCH; multivariate GARCH; conditional covariance; climate
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 11 avr. 2018 13:17
Dernière modification: 11 avr. 2018 13:17
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3635

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