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Mapping soil salinity in irrigated land using optical remote sensing data.

Lhissou, Rachid; El Harti, Abderrazak; Chokmani, Karem (2014). Mapping soil salinity in irrigated land using optical remote sensing data. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science , vol. 3 , nº 2. p. 82-88. DOI: 10.18393/ejss.84540.

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Résumé

Soil salinity caused by natural or human-induced processes is certainly a severe environmental problem that already affects 400 million hectares and seriously threatens an equivalent surface. Salinization causes negative effects on the ground; it affects agricultural production, infrastructure, water resources and biodiversity. In semi-arid and arid areas, 21% of irrigated lands suffer from waterlogging, salinity and/or sodicity that reduce their yields. 77 million hectares are saline soils induced by human activity, including 58% in the irrigated areas. In the irrigated perimeter of Tadla plain (central Morocco), the increased use of saline groundwater and surface water, coupled with agricultural intensification leads to the deterioration of soil quality. Experimental methods for monitoring soil salinity by direct measurements in situ are very demanding of time and resources, and also very limited in terms of spatial coverage. Several studies have described the usefulness of remote sensing for mapping salinity by its synoptic coverage and the sensitivity of the electromagnetic signal to surface soil parameters. In this study, we used an image of the TM Landsat sensor and field measurements of electrical conductivity (EC), the correlation between the image data and field measurements allowed us to develop a semi-empirical model allowing the mapping of soil salinity in the irrigated perimeter of Tadla plain. The validation of this model by the ground truth provides a correlation coefficient r² = 0.90. Map obtained from this model allows the identification of different salinization classes in the study area.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: soil salinity; electric conductivity; spectral indices; principle component analysis
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 10 avr. 2018 20:10
Dernière modification: 13 avr. 2018 18:07
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3620

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