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Statistical Assessment of the Surface Water Quality Monitoring Network in Saskatchewan.

Khalil, Bahaa; Ou, Chunping; Proulx-McInnis, Sandra; St-Hilaire, André; Zanacic, Enisa (2014). Statistical Assessment of the Surface Water Quality Monitoring Network in Saskatchewan. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution , vol. 225 , nº 10. p. 2128. DOI: 10.1007/s11270-014-2128-1.

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Résumé

Surface water quality monitoring is one of the responsibilities of a number of provincial and federal environmental departments in Canada. In Saskatchewan, the Ministry of Environment is responsible for the province water quality monitoring network. The sampling effort was initiated 40 years ago and has been ongoing since, with varying degrees of spatial and temporal coverage. The main objective of the Saskatchewan monitoring network is the assessment of ambient water quality status. In addition, one of the main uses of the generated water quality data is the calculation of a Water Quality Index. The adequacy of the monitoring network to perform these tasks needs to be validated. The objective of this study is to provide a statistical assessment of two of the monitoring network main aspects, the water quality variables and their sampling frequency. A new rationalization approach is applied for the assessment and reselection of water quality variables. The proposed approach provides, in a systematic way, the optimal combinations of variables to continue measuring, variables that may be redundant and could be considered for discontinuance, and variables that may need to be added to the list of variables being measured. The confidence interval around the mean is used as the main criterion for the sampling frequency assessment. A design chart is provided for the sampling frequency assessment, which is easy to use, and provides an initial assessment of the number of samples required to provide a mean value with a predefined error percentage.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: monitoring networks; sampling frequency; water quality; water quality indicators
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 10 avr. 2018 19:13
Dernière modification: 10 avr. 2018 19:13
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3604

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